AbstractThe goal of sex and gender analysis is to promote rigorous, reproducible and responsible science. Incorporating sex and gender analysis into experimental design has enabled advancements across many disciplines, such as improved treatment of heart disease and insights into the societal impact of algorithmic bias. Here we discuss the potential for sex and gender analysis…
The goal of sex and gender analysis is to promote rigorous, reproducible and responsible science. Incorporating sex and gender analysis into experimental design has enabled advancements across many disciplines, such as improved treatment of heart disease and insights into the societal impact of algorithmic bias. Here we discuss the potential for sex and gender analysis to foster scientific discovery, improve experimental efficiency and enable social equality. We provide a roadmap for sex and gender analysis across scientific disciplines and call on researchers, funding agencies, peer-reviewed journals and universities to coordinate efforts to implement robust methods of sex and gender analysis.
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We thank H. F. LeBlanc for her assistance. R.E. acknowledges financial support from a NERC Industrial Innovation Fellowship (NE/R013241/1). J.Z. is supported by a Chan-Zuckerberg Investigator Award and NIH P30AG059307. The views expressed do not necessarily reflect those of the Canadian Institutes of Health Research or the Canadian Government.
The authors declare no competing interests.
Publisher’s note Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.
Peer review information Nature thanks Simon Beggs, Cynthia Breazeal, Jayne Danska, Reshma Jagsi and the other, anonymous, reviewer(s) for their contribution to the peer review of this work.