SpaceX is continuing to launch their Starlink satellite internet constellation with the third operational launch, scheduled to take place on Monday. Liftoff of the Falcon 9 rocket is scheduled for 9:49 AM EST (14:49 UTC), the middle of a ten minute window. The United States Air Force’s 45th Weather Squadron predicts a 50% chance of…
SpaceX is continuing to launch their Starlink satellite internet constellation with the third operational launch, scheduled to take place on Monday. Liftoff of the Falcon 9 rocket is scheduled for 9:49 AM EST (14:49 UTC), the middle of a ten minute window.
The United States Air Force’s 45th Weather Squadron predicts a 50% chance of acceptable weather for launch. A backup launch opportunity is available on Tuesday, January 28, with an improved 70% chance of acceptable weather.
These probabilities do not include estimates of upper level wind shear or speed criteria, which vary from mission to mission. The forecast predicts upper level wind speeds of up to 135 knots on Monday, decreasing to 85 knots on Tuesday.
The Starlink v1.0 L3 mission will lift off from Space Launch Complex 40 (SLC-40) at the Cape Canaveral Air Force Station in Florida. It will be the second orbital SpaceX Falcon 9 launch of 2020, and the third total launch, after the suborbital Crew Dragon In-Flight Abort test earlier this month.
The first stage of the Falcon 9 is core B1051, making its third flight. The booster previously launched the Crew Dragon Demo-1 mission from LC-39A in March 2019, and the RADARSAT Constellation mission from SLC-4E in June. This will make B1051.3 one of the few cores to fly from all three of SpaceX’s orbital launch pads.
B1051.3 successfully completed a static fire test on January 20.
After liftoff, the booster will land on Of Course I Still Love You, the Autonomous Spaceport Drone Ship, stationed approximately 630 kilometers downrange in the Atlantic Ocean. The drone ship departed Port Canaveral on January 16, but has been forced to remain close to shore by weather in the recovery zone.
Both fairing recovery ships, GO Ms. Tree and GO Ms. Chief, departed Port Canaveral on January 18. Similarly to Of Course I Still Love You, they have been waiting at the Port of Morehead City for the weather to improve. The poor weather at sea caused the delay from the original launch target of January 20.
All recovery vessels have now proceeded to their respective recovery zones to support the launch, with the weather at sea significantly improved.
Protected by the payload fairing are 60 more Starlink internet satellites destined for Low Earth Orbit. The v1.0 L3 mission is the third launch of operational satellites, and the fourth batch of 60 spacecraft when including the Starlink v0.9 mission.
Each satellite has a liftoff mass of 260 kg, for a total of 15,600 kg of payload. The operational Starlink missions are the heaviest payloads SpaceX has launched to date.
The satellites will be initially deployed into a circular 290 km altitude orbit, inclined 53 degrees. After launch, each satellite will use Krypton-fueled Hall thrusters to raise their altitude to 350 kilometers. Any satellites not functioning properly after launch will remain in the lower orbit to quickly deorbit. Nominally functioning spacecraft will continue raising their orbits to the operational 550 km altitude.
The Starlink v1.0 L3 mission is part of the initial deployment phase for the Starlink constellation, consisting of 1,584 satellites. Additional phases will follow, consisting of additional satellites. Starlink v1.0 L3 is the second of approximately 24 Starlink missions planned to lift off in 2020.
The countdown to launch begins 38 minutes before liftoff when the launch director conducts the go/no go poll for propellant load. If all conditions are clear to proceed, loading of RP-1 fuel into both stages of Falcon 9 begins 35 minutes before launch, as well as Liquid Oxygen, or LOX, loading into the first stage. LOX load for Stage 2 begins 16 minutes before liftoff.
The first stage begins engine chill at T-7 minutes, in order to prevent thermal shock which could damage the nine Merlin engines. The final pre-launch preparation, pressurizing the propellant tanks, occurs at T-1 minute, when Falcon 9 goes into startup. The final go for launch is given by the launch director at T- 45 seconds.
Just three seconds before liftoff, the engine ignition sequence begins. After lifting off from the pad, Falcon 9 begins to pitch downrange as it accelerates towards orbital velocity.
The rocket reaches the period of maximum aerodynamic pressure 1 minute and 13 seconds into flight, when the rocket experiences the highest stresses. The first stage continues to burn until main engine cutoff, or MECO, at T+ 2 minutes, 33 seconds. Then, the first and second stages separate, and the vacuum optimized Merlin engine on the second stage begins its first burn.
The payload fairing deploys at T+ 3:24. Both fairing halves will descend back to Earth for recovery attempts, which will occur about 45 minutes after liftoff.
For the first stage recovery, the booster will complete the entry burn at 6 minutes and 41 seconds into flight. The landing on Of Course I Still Love You follows at T+ 8:24.
The upper stage and 60 Starlink satellites will complete their first burn 8 minutes and 49 seconds after liftoff, and then coast in orbit for approximately 45 minutes. At T+ 45:55, the second stage completes a brief burn to insert the payload into the correct deployment orbit.
Finally, 61 minutes and 48 seconds after launch, the 60 satellites are deployed from the upper stage, completing the launch and allowing the spacecraft to begin maneuvering to their respective slots in orbit.