Africa Live: Kenya’s longest-serving leader Daniel arap Moi dies


Got a TV Licence?You need one to watch live TV on any channel or device, and BBC programmes on iPlayer. It’s the law.Find out moreLive ReportingBy Evelyne Musambi, Natasha Booty and Emmanuel OnyangoAll times stated are UKPosted at 5:065:06Kenya declares national mourning after Moi’s deathGetty ImagesCopyright: Getty ImagesThe late former president will be accorded a…

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By Evelyne Musambi, Natasha Booty and Emmanuel Onyango

All times stated are UK

  1. Kenya declares national mourning after Moi’s death

    Daniel arap Moi

    Copyright: Getty Images

    Image caption: The late former president will be accorded a state funeral

    Kenya has declared an indefinite period of national mourning following the death of the country’s longest serving ruler Daniel arap Moi.

    His death was announced on Tuesday morning by President Uhuru Kenyatta in a presidential proclamation.

    The retired president died at the Nairobi Hospital on the early morning of 4 February in the presence of his family, according to the statement.

    The country will observe a period of national
    mourning from Tuesday until the day of his funeral, which has not been set.

    Mr Moi will be accorded a state funeral,
    with all appropriate civilian and full military honours being observed.

    President Kenyatta also ordered that flags be flown at half-mast “as an expression of public sorrow” from Tuesday until sunset on the day of Mr Moi’s burial.

  2. The life and times of Kenya’s former President Daniel Moi


    Ferdinand Omondi

    BBC News, Nairobi

    President Daniel arap Moi addressing supporters of the then ruling party KANU

    Copyright: Reuters

    Image caption: President Daniel arap Moi led Kenya for 24 years

    Kenya’s longest serving President Daniel arap Moi who died on Monday rose to power in 1978 upon the death of
    Kenya’s first President Jomo Kenyatta.

    This was his first major political
    victory having outmaneuvered Kenyatta’s inner circle to rise to the top. This
    shrewdness became the hallmark of his 24-year reign.

    In his early days he rallied Kenyans to join him in
    building the country behind the popular slogan “Nyayo” which is Swahili for

    But after the attempt to overthrow him in 1982 Moi
    transformed into a dictator who viciously clamped down on freedoms.

    The word Nyayo changed from a patriotic call to a chilling
    reminder of torture chambers where many civilians and perceived
    anti-government politicians alike were persecuted and detained without

    By 1990 President Moi was a pariah and amid international
    sanctions he faced mounting pressure to introduce multi-party democracy and
    presidential term limits.

    His government responded to protests by setting baton-wielding police on opposition leaders and supporters, but eventually he yielded. Then, with a divided opposition, he won back-to-back elections in 1992 and

    Major corruption scandals blighted his legacy – the most prominent of these was the billion-dollar Goldenberg scandal
    involving fictitious exports of gold in which he was directly implicated. He
    always denied the allegations.

    When his two terms ended in 2002, Moi favoured Uhuru
    Kenyatta as his successor but Uhuru lost by a landslide to an opposition coalition
    led by Mwai Kibaki.

    Moi then retired, facing the jeers of thousands as he
    handed over power to Kibaki.

    Analysts say he continued to influence Kenyan
    politics in the background, as influential government officials and members of parliament sought his counsel even in his retirement.

  3. Kenya’s longest-serving leader Daniel arap Moi dies

    Kenya's former President Daniel arap Moi

    Copyright: Getty Images

    Image caption: Daniel arap Moi had been unwell and was hospitalised since late last year

    Kenya’s former President Daniel arap Moi has died at the age of

    He was the East African country’s longest-serving president,
    occupying the office for 24 years – from 1978 until 2002.

    He ruled the nation with an iron fist and was accused of human
    rights abuses.

    Under international pressure, he allowed multi-party elections
    in 1992, which were marred by widespread violence and allegations of rigging.

    Despite allegations of widespread corruption, human
    rights abuses and torture, he retained the affections of many ordinary Kenyans.

    Though many will remember him as a despot who reluctantly relinquished power,
    others credit him with preserving peace in a country surrounded by neighbours
    at war.

  4. Tuesday’s wise words

  5. Parents and teachers gather near the scene of a stampede at the Kakamega primary school in Kakamega, Kenya

    The cause of the stampede at Kakamega Primary School in western Kenya is not yet clear.

    Read more


  6. By Mark Gleeson

    Football Writer, Hungary


    Fifa president Gianni Infantino elaborates on his proposals to Caf for a drastic overhaul of African football, including the creation of an African Super League.

    Read more


  7. Scroll down for Monday’s stories

    We’ll be back tomorrow

    That’s it from the BBC Africa Live team for now. There will be an automated feed until Tuesday morning, when our team will be back to bring you the latest news and views from around the continent.

    Our African proverb of the day:

    Quote Message: A beautiful thing is never perfect.” from An Egyptian proverb sent by Mabor Dut in Cairo, Egypt

    A beautiful thing is never perfect.”

    And we leave you with a photo of a cheetah at a park near the English city of Canterbury:

    Copyright: PA Media

    The animal will be relocated to South Africa later this year to live in the wild for the first time.

  8. Stampede kills 13 Kenyan schoolchildren

    Mary Harper

    Africa editor, BBC World Service

    Police in Kenya say at least 13 children have been killed in a stampede at a primary school in the western town of Kakamega. Nearly 40 others were hurt.

    Some reports said the students started rushing down a narrow staircase after a teacher waved a cane at them. The staircase is said to have collapsed.

    Parents have gathered at the local hospital, waiting for news about their children.

    A Kenyan television station has tweeted a photo of the school:

  9. Netanyahu in historic talks with Sudan’s leader

    Israel’s Prime Minister Benjamin Nethanyahu has held a historic meeting with Sudan’s sovereign council head Gen Abdel Fattah al-Burhan.

    This is the first sign of the thawing of relations between the two nations following the overthrow of Sudan’s President Omar al-Bashir last year.

    He was a fierce opponent of Israel, and his government was accused of helping arm militant Palestinian group Hamas.

    Sudan is also on the US list of “state sponsors of terrorism” because it once gave refuge to al-Qaeda leader Osama bin Laden.

    Mr Nethanyahu has been on a one-day visit to Uganda, where he was hosted by President Yoweri Museveni. Gen Burhan flew to Uganda to meet the Israeli leader.

    In a tweet in Hebrew, Mr Netanyahu said he and Gen Burhan had “agreed to start a cooperation that will normalise relations between the two countries. History!”.

    Benjamin Netanyahu meets Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni at State House in Entebbe, Uganda February 3, 2020.

    Copyright: Reuters

    Image caption: Mr Netanyahu was a guest of Uganda’s President Museveni

    Meanwhile, Mr Museveni said he would “study” a request by Mr Netanyahu to open an embassy in Jerusalem.

    Following talks between the two leaders in Uganda’s capital, Kampala, Mr Netanyahu told Mr Museveni: “You open an embassy in Jerusalem and I will open an embassy in Kampala. We hope to do this in the near future.”

    Mr Museveni replied: “If a friend says I want your embassy here rather than there
    I don’t see why there would be …” before trailing off and adding: “We are really working, we’re
    studying that,” Reuters news agency reports.

    Only the US and Guatemala have opened embassies in the disputed city of Jerusalem, despite strong condemnation from Palestinians.

    The decision put the US and Guatemala at odds with the rest of the international community’s view on Jerusalem’s status.

    The Palestinians claim East Jerusalem as the capital of a future state, and according to the 1993 Israel-Palestinian peace accords, its final status is meant to be discussed in the latter stages of peace talks.

    But the latest peace plan from US President Donald Trump promised to keep Jerusalem as Israel’s undivided capital.

    The Palestinian leadership has rejected this.

    Mr Museveni has been under pressure from a lobby group, the Uganda Christian Coalition for Israel, to resume full diplomatic ties between the two nations, including the opening of embassies in Kampala and Jerusalem.

    Many Ugandans go to Israel to walk in Jesus’ footsteps. Having full diplomatic relations would make it easier,” said Rev Canon Rebecca Nyegenyehe, Uganda’s state-owned New Vision newspaper reported.

    Uganda enjoyed full diplomatic relations with Israel until they were cut by Idi Amin’s regime in 1972.

  10. Libya’s warring parties meet in UN-brokered talks

    Gunmen in  Libya

    Copyright: Reuters

    Image caption: Rival militias are fighting for power in Libya

    Libya’s warring parties are meeting at the United Nations in Geneva for a round of talks involving their military representatives.

    The meeting was agreed as part of continuing dialogue to end nearly ten months of fighting around the capital Tripoli.

    The UN special representative for Libya, Ghassan Salame, is joined by five security representatives each of the internationally recognised government and the renegade general Khalifa Haftar.

    Late last month the UN envoy accused foreign forces of continuing to meddle in the conflict, despite promising not to at a summit in Berlin.

    Talks in Moscow in mid-January ended with no agreement after Gen Haftar left without signing a ceasefire deal.

  11. HIV vaccine hopes dashed by trial results

    vaccine being given

    Copyright: Getty Images

    Hopes have been dashed that an experimental vaccine could protect people against HIV, the virus that causes Aids.

    The National Institutes of Health has stopped its HVTN 702 trial, of more than 5,000 people in South Africa, as it found the jab did not prevent HIV.

    Experts expressed “deep disappointment” but added the search for a preventive HIV vaccine must continue.

    Such vaccines do not contain HIV and therefore do not pose any danger of giving HIV to an individual.

    Read the full BBC story here

  12. Fear of coronavirus grips Africans in China

    Danny Vincent

    BBC News, Hong Kong

    China’s Wuhan city – which is at the centre of the coronavirus outbreak – is home to approximately 5,000 African students.

    are drawn to the city by the large number of universities. Some would have left
    the city before the outbreak, but those that have stayed have watched many of
    their international classmates evacuated from the city by their own

    The British, Americans, Indians and Japanese have organised
    flights for their nationals to leave the country.

    Person being screened for coronavirus

    Copyright: BBC

    Many African students who I have spoken to feel angry that their governments have no plans to evacuate them.

    Some medical students from Zambia are living on hospital sites close to where patients that have contracted the coronavirus are being treated.

    They fear that living in such close proximity to the illness places them at huge risk.

    There are thought to be more than 1,000 African students in lockdown across the city. While there are no confirmed cases of coronavirus in Africa experts claim that the continent remains vulnerable.

    See: Cameroonian diagnosed with coronavirus

    Video content

    Video caption: China coronavirus: What we know so far
  13. Serbian coach Milutin 'Micho' Sredojevic

    Former Uganda boss Milutin ‘Micho’ Sredojevic takes over as coach of Zambia.

    Read more


  14. How locusts have caused a national emergency in Somalia

    Video content

    Video caption: Large swarms of locusts have spread across east Africa, and are posing a major threat

    Large swarms of locusts have spread across east Africa, and are posing a major threat to Somalia’s fragile food security situation.

  15. Cameroonian student in China contracts coronavirus

    This photo taken on February 1, 2020 shows security personnel checking the temperature of a passenger wearing a face mask at Beijing Railway Station in Beijing

    Copyright: Getty Images

    Image caption: Coronavirus has caused panic around the world

    A 21-year-old Cameroonian student in China has become the first African known to be diagnosed with the deadly coronavirus.

    In a statement, Yangtze University said the student was being treated in hospital in southern Jingzhou city after contracting the illness while on a visit to Wuhan city, the epicentre of the outbreak.

    He had returned to Jingzhou, where he lived, on 19 January, before a lockdown was imposed in Wuhan to prevent the spread of the coronavirus, which has killed more than 200 people.

    The BBC’s Killian Ngala reports from Cameroon’s capital, Yaoundé that the case has renewed concerns about the safety of some 300 Cameroonians quarantined in
    Wuhan with little access to water, food and surgical masks.

    In its statement, the university said:

    Quote Message: The university has provided psychological comfort to the student and has reported the situation to his parents and the embassy.

    The university has provided psychological comfort to the student and has reported the situation to his parents and the embassy.

    Quote Message: At present, the student is actively cooperating with the treatment in the hospital.

    At present, the student is actively cooperating with the treatment in the hospital.

    Quote Message: His body temperature has been normal for two consecutive days.

    His body temperature has been normal for two consecutive days.

    Quote Message: He has good spirit and a healthy appetite and his vital organs are stable.”

    He has good spirit and a healthy appetite and his vital organs are stable.”

    Thousands of African students study in China. They have made desperate appeals to their governments to evacuate them or to give them more support while they are trapped in Wuhan.

    Last week, Cameroonians in Wuhan wrote a letter to President Paul Biya, saying their embassy in Beijing had been largely uncooperative and they were short of basic necessities.

    More on this topic:

  16. Death threats against Tanzania MP in parliament

    Tanzania’s opposition party ACT Wazalendo has condemned death threats against its leader, Zitto Kabwe, after he wrote to the World Bank, urging it to continue withholding a loan to the government over human rights concerns.

    An MP from the ruling Chama Cha Mapinduzi (CCM), Abdallah Bulembo, called for Mr Kabwe’s elimination.

    “There is one man who took our issues outside the country, he should not be allowed back but killed where he is. Treason! What Mr Zitto Kabwe has been doing is treason in our country,” Mr Bulembo said in parliament on Friday.

    Speaking at a party meeting over the weekend, CCM youth wing official Kenani Kihongosi said people who “defamed” Tanzania deserved to be killed.

    “We are fed up with a few useless people who are defaming our country but we are tired with those being used by colonialists … I urge the youth to write about the good that the government is doing but also don’t hesitate to criticise those who undermine our nation, they are our number one enemies and they deserve to be killed,” Mr Kihongosi said.

    ACT Wazalendo said in a statement that CCM had been running a “systemic campaign” against Mt Kabwe but “this campaign took on a dark and menacing tone” on Friday.

    In a session in parliament on Friday, Speaker Job Ndugai called Mr Kabwe’s letter “treasonous” and equated it to acts that led to US President Donald Trump being impeached.

    “He [Mr Trump] has been impeached because he was conspiring with foreign countries to interfere in US domestic issues… We have a member of parliament who has engaged in similar acts like Trump… There’s clearly an element of treason,” he said.

    In a BBC Dira interview last week, Mr Kabwe said: “They should know that being patriotic does not mean being loyal to the government but to the country… and there’s no greater way to express patriotism than to criticise the government when it does wrong.”

    Watch part of the interview (in Swahili):

    Early last week the World Bank reportedly postponed its decision to renew lending $500m (£383m) to Tanzania following pressure from civil society activists.

    The bank had withheld the money in 2018 amid concerns over the country’s policy of expelling pregnant girls from school.

    Tanzanian activists also wrote to the bank to argue that approving the loan would be endorsing the “discriminatory policy” of keeping pregnant girls away from school.

    “I am asking that you suspend lending to this government until basic checks and balances are restored in Tanzania,” Mr Kabwe said in a letter to the World Bank.

    According to a World Bank document outlining the proposed loan, about 5,500 girls were barred from continuing with their secondary school education after becoming pregnant in 2017.

    Last week President John Magufuli urged government officials to ignore critics of the policy, saying: “The vice-president of the World Bank came here last year – they will give us money knowing Tanzania’s stand and what we are doing. The rest [of the people] are just noise makers, don’t even respond to them.”

  17. Acquittals over Patel dam deaths in Kenya

    Ferdinand Omondi

    BBC News, Nairobi

    People carry a victim's body from a residential area after Patel dam burst its bank at Solai, about 40 kilometres north of Nakuru, Kenya, on May 10, 2018.

    Copyright: Getty Images

    Image caption: The dam burst its banks after heavy rains

    A court in Kenya’s lake town of Naivasha has acquitted nine people charged with
    causing the deaths of nearly 50 people in the Patel dam tragedy two years ago, after strongly criticising the prosecution.

    The nine – including dam owner Perry Mansukh – were facing
    manslaughter charges.

    But after 18 months in court, Naivasha Chief Magistrate
    Kennedy Bilali set the suspects free, citing the slow progress of the case.

    accused the prosecution of holding the court hostage with endless adjournment
    requests, saying the accused deserved a fair trial.

    State counsel
    Catherine Mwaniki said she would appeal against the ruling.

    The Patel dam – on a sprawling farm near Solai, 190km (120 miles) from the capital, Nairobi – burst its banks in May 2018 following a period of heavy rains.

    huge water mass swept through the Solai plantation settlement, killing dozens
    and destroying property.

    State-sanctioned and independent investigations
    blamed the dam owners for flouting environmental regulations and substandard
    construction for the collapse.

    They always denied any wrongdoing.

  18. Video content

    Video caption: Nigeria’s women fight back

    Women in Lagos are battling the threat of rape and sexual assault with free self-defence classes.

  19. Anger as Lagos motorbike taxi ban takes effect


    Copyright: BBC

    Image caption: There were long queues in Lagos as people waited for transport

    Commuters in Nigeria’s commercial hub Lagos were outraged as the ban on motorbike and motorised tricycle taxis caused lengthy delays during rush hour.

    Monday was the first working day that the ban had come into force in Lagos state, where motorbike taxis, locally referred to as okadas, and motorised tricycle taxis, known as keke napeps, are the main mode of transport.

    #OkadaBan was the top-trending hashtag on Twitter, as commuters accused the Lagos state government of imposing the ban without providing adequate alternative transport

    Many were forced to walk to work, despite officials saying that 65 extra buses had been put on major roads:

    The state government had said the motorcycle and motorised tricycle taxi ban had been introduced to prevent deaths and disorderliness on the roads.

    Taxi operators have been protesting.

    Members of the Transportation Hailing Alliance of Nigeria (THAN) protest in front of the Lagos State House against the ban of commercial motorcycles in Lagos, Nigeria January 31, 2020.

    Copyright: Reuters

    Image caption: A demonstration was also staged last week by taxi operators

    Commuters expressed their frustration on Twitter, and criticised Lagos governor Babajide Sanwo-Olu.

    “There are no side-walks on the roads to walk, cars are driving dangerously too.

    The danfo buses would overwork, buses would eventually break down and we will simply move on along!
    #OkadaBan,” wrote @oseni_debola

    “So when I get to Eko Hotel, do they expect me to walk all the way to Ligali with the #OkadaBan and keke ban? I don’t even understand how they makes these decisions and policies!” wrote @groovy_cham.

    “Apparently i got robbed on my way to work, they snatched my bag from me, thank you sanwo olu for making me walk to places i wouldn’t walk to before.tweeting with this laptop till further notice #OkadaBan#KekeBan,” wrote @Steffany_mma.

  20. By Stanley Kwenda

    BBC Africa

    Tanzania's Mbwana Samatta celebrates his first goal for Aston Villa

    Mbwana Samatta is thrilled to be a Tanzanian trailblazer after scoring on his Premier League debut for Aston Villa.

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